Equivalent units - Process costing

PROCESS COSTING – PART 2

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PROCESS COSTING – PART 1

 

Equivalent Units

Continuous production with different processes faced a problem, i.e. how to deal with processes which were not completes by the YEAR END.  This issue was resolve by introduction of equivalent units, according to which partly completed units are expressed as % of fully completed units. .lets suppose some process is 200units are partially completed in certain process, it can be express as “100units fully completed units”

In exam question involving EU work in progress, follow the following steps:

  • Convert  output unit to equivalent units by making  a statement of equivalent units
  •  Calculate the cost per equivalent unit(EU)

Total Costs / Total Equivalent Units

  • Calculate the value of each output by multiplying the number of equivalent units by unit cost in PROCESS ACCOUNT

 

 

EXAMPLE

Alex and co have 1000 units but only 50% were completed , remaining 50% are 25% complete

Costs incurred in period is $100

STATEMENT OF Equivalent units

Output % Equivalent units
Completed units 500 100% 500
Incomplete units(WIP) 500 50% 250
 

Total  units

 

 

 

750

Total cost $100
Cos per EU $7.50

PROCESS COSTING – PART 3

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